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Assessment of adult measles cases followed at a military hospital during a measles epidemic: does forced migration increase infectious diseases such as measles that may affect public health?

Ergenekon Karagoz, Umit Savasci

   

Abstract
In this study, our aim was to review the data of adult patients followed due to a measles diagnosis and the reasons for the measles cases, which has shown an increase because of the events of recent forced migration in our country. Adult patients who referred to the outpatient clinic of infectious diseases and clinical microbiology of our hospital between January and April 2013 and who were diagnosed with measles were retrospectively studied. Patients were diagnosed with measles in accordance with the presence of symptoms described by the World Health Organization (WHO) and in combination with the determination of measles IgM positivity by Enzyme Linked Immunosorbent Assay (ELISA). 16 patients did not have any information about their measles vaccination background. Only one patient reported that he received a single dose vaccination one year previously. Measles IgM positivity by ELISA was determined for all patients. When laboratory findings were assessed we found that leukopenia and thrombocytopenia developed respectively, in 4 and 4 patients. In addition, hepatitis developed in 4 patients, otitis media in 2 patients, pneumonia in 3 patients and a sinusitis complication in 2 patients. Measles is a very contagious disease with a high contagion rate but can be kept under control by maintaining vaccination rates high in the community. However, we must not forget that vaccinations may only provide 95% protection. Measles may become epidemic when sensitive individuals are present in the community at a certain ratio. Therefore, immunity rates must be accelerated in young adults in the community by vaccination campaigns (catch-up) while existing rates of childhood vaccinations are maintained. Especially when the population shows a tendency to increase, due to reasons such as migration or war, it is essential to comply with the mentioned precautions.

Key words: Measles, epidemic, vaccination

Med-Science. 2017; 6(2): 260-3

 
Medicine Science Vol:6 Issue:2 Year:2017 PP:182-388
Posted in Vol: 6 Issue: 2 Year: 2017 June pp: 182-388

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