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Original Article

Evaluation of fundus findings in preeclampsia [Preeklampside fundus bulgularının değerlendirilmesi]

Erdem Dinc, Mustafa Vatansever, Ozer Dursun, Fatma Merve Bozkurt, Ayse Ayca Sari, Ayca Yıimaz, Ufuk Adiguzel, Ozlem Yildirim, Mehmet Atila Argin

   

Abstract
In this study aimed to evaluate of the fundus examination findings in the patients with preeclampsia. Fundus findings of 45 patients hospitalized in Mersin University Hospital due to preeclampsia and consulted with blurred vision between June 2007 and February 2016 were evaluated retrospectively. The average age of patients was 28.6 ± 6.18 years and mean gestational age was 32.95 ± 4.22. Anterior segment examination was normal in all patients. The fundus findings of thirty five patients were assessed as normal, but pathological findings were detected in ten (%22.2) patients. Unilateral or bilateral serous retinal detachment was observed in six (%60) patients. Retinal hemorrhages and exudates were seen in four (%40) patients. In addition to the fundus findings reversible posterior leucoencephalopathy syndrome was detected in 5 patients. Six patients were delivered vaginally while thirty-nine patients with cesarean section. Serous retinal detachment and fundus findings regressed after delivery in patients. The preeclampsia syndrome is a multisystem disorder and it also can affect the visual pathways. Visual symptoms in preeclampsia include photopsia, visual field defects, blurred vision and, in severe cases, serious blindness. Blurred vision is the most common visual complaint. Hypertensive retinopathy, exudative retinal detachment and cortical blindness can be seen in patients. But in fundus examination pathological findings are not observed in all of the patients admitted with vision loss. Preeclampsia related retinal findings generally resolves after delivery and no additional treatment is required.

Key words: Preeclampsia, fundus findings, serous retinal detachment

Med-Science. 2017; 6(3): 406-9

 
Medicine Science Vol:6 Issue:3 Year:2017 PP:389-613
Posted in Vol: 6 Issue: 3 Year: 2017 September pp: 389-613

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