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Original Article

Effects of enteral and total parenteral nutrition on length of stay in intensive care unit in postoperative period

Mustafa Said Aydogan, Ramazan Pasahan, Ali Karademir, Aytac Yucel, Bugra Karakas, Turkan Togal

   

Abstract
Patients post-operatively followed in intensive care units in are known to have high morbidity and mortality rates. The aim of the present study was to compare the effects of enteral versus total parenteral nutrition for length of ICU stay in postoperative patients. Nutritional support for patients were divided into two groups; enteral nutrition (Group E) total parenteral administered (Group P). Demographic findings, APACHE II score and serum albumin levels were determined in the preoperative period in both groups of patients. In both groups were recorded type of operation and blood transfusion during the operation. Gas, fecal discharge time in the postoperative period, of patients in groups and, postoperative day 7th, serum albumin, and serum C-reactive protein (CRP), length of stay intensive care unit and mortality rates were determined. Abdominal cramps, the tension in the abdomen, nausea and diarrhea in patients in group E were accepted as complications of enteral nutrition. In this study were included group E 89, group P 82 patients. Between groups were similar demographic features, APACHE II score and serum albumin levels. Both groups was not significant difference operation type, operation time and blood transfusion. Postoperative gas discharge and fecal discharge were significantly difference earlier period in Group E (p

Key words: Intensive care, length of stay, postoperative, enteral nutrition, parenteral nutrition

Med-Science. 2018; 7(1): 89-92

Medicine Science Vol:7 Issue:1 Year:2018 PP:1–246
Posted in Vol: 7 Issue: 1 Year: 2018 March pp: 1–246

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