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Original Article

Is childhood trauma a predictive factor for increased preoperative anxiety levels?

Ayse Vahapoglu; Suna Medin Nacar; Yagmur Suadiye Dalgic; Hande Gungor

   

Abstract
Childhood trauma is a well-known source of lifelong anxiety and various personality disorders. Also preoperative anxiety is related with perioperative physical and physicological responses. The aim of this study was to investigate possible relationship –which has not been studied yet- between having a childhood trauma history and preoperative anxiety levels. A total of 190 patients (aged between 18-65) with a history of childhood trauma presenting for different types of surgery were investigated prospectively using the Childhood Trauma Questionnaire (CTQ). A childhood trauma questionnaire total score of ≥35 points was accepted as an indicator of significant childhood trauma history. Preoperative and postoperative anxiety levels of patients were assessed using State Trait Anxiety Inventory (STAI). Also relationship between childhood trauma types (physical, emotional neglect/abuse, sexual abuse) and pre-postoperative State Trait Anxiety Inventory levels were evaluated. Correlations between several factors that might effect preoperative anxiety levels including such as; gender, type of surgery, type of anesthesia, educational and maritial levels of patients with or without a childhood trauma history were investigated. We found significant correlations between higher Childhood Trauma Questionnaire scores and increased preoperative State Trait Anxiety Inventory trait and state scores (p

Key words: Preoperative anxiety;childhood trauma;childhood trauma questionnaire;state trait anxiety inventory

Med-Science. 2019; 8(2): 268-73

 

Medicine Science Vol:8 Issue:2 Year:2019 PP:260-488
Posted in Vol: 8 Issue: 2 Year: 2019 June pp: 260-488

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