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Original Article

Investigation of colorectal cancer distribution in Mardin province

Aydin Aytekin

   

Abstract
Colorectal cancers are the third most common tumors both in the world and in Turkey. Its frequency may vary according to geographical regions, environmental conditions and feeding habits. This study aimed to investigate the distribution of CRC patients admitted to Mardin State Hospital Medical Oncology Outpatient Clinic according to age, sex, diagnosis and stage. The records of patients admitted to Mardin State Hospital Medical Oncology Clinic between 2014-2018 were reviewed retrospectively. Patients over 18 years of age were included in the study. Gender, diagnosis and disease stages of the patients were recorded. A total of 1208 patients were examined. 160 colorectal cancer patients (13.2%) were detected. 74 (46.3%) of the patients were female and 86 (53.8%) were male. The male / female patient ratio was 1.16 / 1. While the median age of the whole group was 57 (19-93), the median age of the women was 57.78 (24-86) and the median age of the men was 56 (19-93). The ratio of colon cancer / rectal cancer in men was 54/32 (62.8 / 37.2%), whereas it was 44/30 (59.5 / 40.5%) in women. There was no difference in the age of the groups according to the diagnosis of colon and rectal cancer and gender (p = 0.37 and p = 0.59). There was no difference between the groups when the diagnoses and stages were compared by gender (p = 0.66 and p= 0.18). When the application stage was examined in all groups, the least application was in stage 1, and the most common application was in stage 4. 32 patients (20%) were over 70 years old and 19 (11.9%) were over 75 years old. The number of patients ≤49 years and 50-64 years were 51 (31.9%) and 64 (40%), respectively. This study includes the first CRC data of Mardin province. CRC patients in Mardin are diagnosed at a younger age and in an advanced stage. Since diagnosis and treatment methods are not sufficient in Mardin, patients are mostly diagnosed outside the province. Therefore, the number of patients is limited. Nevertheless, the statistics will be the first to guide future studies.

Key words: Colon cancer, rectal cancer, distribution, Mardin, Turkey

Med-Science. 2020; 9(1): 231-3

 

 
Medicine Science Vol:9 Issue:1 Year:2020 PP:1–288
Posted in Vol: 9 Issue: 1 Year: 2020 March pp: 1–288

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