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Original Article

Effect of health belief model-based education to elder individuals on rational drug use

Semsinnur Gocer, Osman Gunay


In this study, it was aimed to determine the effects of education provided according to the health belief model on the rational use of drugs in elder individuals. Pretest-posttest single group test design was used in this semi-experimental study. The study conducted at Hacı-Rukiye Gazioğlu nursing home, between September 2016 and May 2017. A sociodemographic questionnaire, rational use of drugs questionnaire, and Health Belief Scale on Drug Use were used to collect data regarding sociodemographic characteristics and general health status at baseline and after the provision of education about the rational use of drugs according to health belief model. Overall, data from 103 subjects were analyzed. It was found that 54.4% of the study population was male, while 3.9% were married and 45.6% were literate. The mean age was 77.0±9.8 years. The rate of chronic drug use was 91.3%. Significant changes were found in the attitudes and behaviors regarding the rational use of drugs after education. The mean total score of the Health Belief Scale on Drug Use was 130.4±13.3 before education and 136.8±11.2 after education. It was determined that mean total score and all subdomain scores (perceived susceptibility, perceived severity, health motivation, perceived benefit, perceived barrier, self-efficacy) were significantly increased after education.

Key words: Health belief model, health education, nursing home, older adult, rational use of drugs

Med-Science. 2020; 9(3): 629-34

Medicine Science Vol:9 Issue:3 Year:2020 PP:526–801
Posted in Vol: 9 Issue: 3 Year: 2020 September pp: 526–801

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