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Evaluation of type 1 diabetic patients: A single center experience

Gulsah Elbuken, Resul Yildiz, Ismail Yildiz, Sayid Shafi Zuhur

We evaluated patients diagnosed with type 1 DM who were followed at our clinic by conducting a retrospective chart review. Medical records of a total of 147 patients with type 1 DM (70 females, 77 males) with a mean (±SD) age of 31.2±9.7 years were reviewed retrospectively. The study patients had a mean duration of follow-up of 13.9±9.5 years, mean duration of follow-up of 4±2.6 years at our clinic and a mean HbA1c value of 8.3±2.1%. Microvascular complications were recorded in medical files for 128 patients. There were 48 (37.5%) patients with at least one microvascular complication. Medical records showed that out of 128 patients, 23 (18%) had diabetic neuropathy alone, 4(3%) had diabetic retinopathy alone and 5 (4%) had diabetic nephropathy alone. Ten patients (8%) had both diabetic nephropathy and diabetic retinopathy and 6 (4.7%) patients had all three microvascular complications. No significant difference was observed between patients with or without microvascular complications in terms of HbA1c (HbA1c 8.3% versus 8.1%; p=0.85). A history of diabetic foot ulcer was present in 4 patients in the study sample (4/147=2.7% of all patients).Twenty-two (15%) patients were on insulin pump therapy during follow-up. Insulin pump users had a significantly lower HbA1c value (7.9%) compared to those not using insulin pump (8.5%) (p=0.02). At our clinic, special efforts are being made to ensure type 1 diabetic individuals have regular outpatient examinations. Despite all these measures, our patients are still far from reaching their target HbA1c values, suggesting that we have to do much more help patients achieve their glycemic goals.

Key words:Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus (Type 1 DM), insulin pump, glycemic control, HbA1c, microvascular complications
Med-Science. 2021; 10(1): 60-3
Medicine Science Vol:10 Issue:1 Year:2021 PP:1–271
Posted in Vol: 10 Issue: 1 Year: 2021 March pp:1–271

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