Determination of the prevalence of dental anomalies by digital panoramic radiography analysis
Mihriban Gokcek Tarac, Neslihan Yilmaz Cirakoglu
To determine the prevalence of dental abnormalities and which dental anomalies are more common in Turkish society by evaluating panoramic radiographs. This study is based on a retrospective examination of randomly selected panoramic radiographs of 2500 patients who applied to Karabük Oral and Dental Health Hospital during 2016-2020 years. Dental anomalies were evaluated by dividing them into 5 types and 16 subtypes. Also, data such as age and gender of the patients were found from the patient records and noted. The average age of the patients was 34.5 (range 6-45) years; 1167 (46.68 %) patients were male and 1333 (53.32 %) were female. Of the 2500 patients, 817 had at the lowest one type of dental anomaly; so the prevalence of dental anomaly in the research community was calculated at 32.68% (43% of these were men, 57% were women). Amongst them of 750 (91.79%) patients had one type of anomaly, 61 (7.46%) had two types of anomalies, and 6 (0.75%) had three types of anomalies. Dental anomalies are quite common disorders of teeth. Although even not to show any symptom, they can induce very kind of practical complication. The high rate of dental anomalies shows the importance of detecting dental anomalies.
Key words: dental anomaly; panoramic radiography; tooth malformation