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Investigation of sociodemographic and health characteristics of mothers in low birth weight newborns in Malatya city center

Original Article

Investigation of sociodemographic and health characteristics of mothers in low birth weight newborns in Malatya city center

Erkan Pehlivan, Neşe Karakaş, Gülsen Güneş, Ali Özer

   

Abstract
The prerequisite for a healthy life is to be born healty. Low birth weight (LBW) is an important risk factor for morbidity and mortality in early or late period of life. So reducing the incidence of low birth weight not only lowers infant mortality rates but also has multiple benefits over the life cycle.The purpose of this study is to find out whether the differences in terms of socio-demographic and health characteristics of newborns’ mothers with LBW than normal weight ones. This study covers to the mothers who gave birth in obstetrics and gynecology clinics of two hospitals during March and June 2010 in Malatya city center. It is a case-control study according to the time scheduled beeing a cross-sectional. The 45-item questionnaire surveyed to 350 mothers of newbors selected by random procedure was performed by the method of face-to-face interview. 123 newborns under 2500 grams as case group, 227 infants 2500 grams and over were taken as control. For evaluation of the data used by SPSS program, chi-square test for independent samples was performed in analysis. 95% confidence interval, and error level of p = 0.05 was chosen. 58.3% of the mothers’ ages ranged from 20 to 30 in the study included. 28.0% of the mothers’ education level was primary school or less, 28.9% had seen in the higher-level education. 57,4% of mothers were housewives and 26.9% of those had a monthly income 550 $ below. 85.1% of mothers have lived in urban area and 14.9% in the villages. At the end of this study; 5.4 times (95% CI = 2.2

Key words: Newborn, low birth weight, risk factors

Med-Science. 2013; 2(3): 665-78

Medicine Science Vol:2 Issue:3 Year:2013 PP:649-776

Brucellosis Seroprevalance in İnönü University Medical Faculty Hospital: The Results of Rose Bengal, Wright, Coombs Aglutination Tests

Original Article

Brucellosis Seroprevalance in İnönü University Medical Faculty Hospital: The Results of Rose Bengal, Wright, Coombs Aglutination Tests

Yücel Duman, Mehmet Sait Tekerekoğlu, Nihal Seçil Batı, Barış Otlu

   

Abstract
This study aimed to determine the seroprevalence of brucellosis in our region. Serological markers (Wright, Coombs agglutination test and Rose-Bengal test) of brucellosis, were evaluated retrospectively according to laboratory data for 2942 sera from brucellosis suspected patients admitted to Inonu University Medical Faculty Hospital in the year 2012. Rose Bengal agglutination test was positive in 251(8.5%) sera. Rose-Bengal positive 118 (4%) sera was determined under the 1/160 titer in Wright test. 133 (4.5%) sera were determined 1/160 or higher agglutination titer in Wright tube agglutination test. In addition 161 (5.5%) sera were determined 1/160 and higher titres in Coombs agglutination test. In our country prevent the transmission of brucellosis to humans, primarily depends on control and eradication of disease from animals, as the countries managed to take control of brucellosis.

Key words: Brucellosis, seroprevalence, Serological tests

Med-Science. 2013; 2(3): 679-88

Copeptin: May it be a novel biomarker for insulin theraphy in diabetes? An animal study.

Original Article

Copeptin: May it be a novel biomarker for insulin theraphy in diabetes? An animal study.

Ece Harman Harman, Yavuz Dodurga, Gulsah Gundogdu, Ceylan Ayada, Gulten Erken, Vural Kucukatay, Cigir Biray Avci, Osman Genc

   

Abstract
Copeptin is a marker about prognosis of acute illnesses, generally. It may be also an indicator associated with treatment of chronic diseases. We aimed to evaluate copeptin levels in rat models with stress, diabetes, diabetes+insulin. Healthy male Wistar rats, about 3 months old, weighing 200 –250 g, were obtained from University Animal House. They were housed in small cages at standard conditions (24 ± 2°C and 50 ± 5% humidity) with a 12 h light/dark cycle and were fed ad libitum with standard rat chow and tap water. Rats were divided into 4 groups: 8 control (C), 8 diabetic (D), 8 diabetic+insulin (DI) and 8 stress (S) rats. Quantitative measurement of Copeptin was performed using the ELISA method (Uscn Life Sciences, USA), according to the manufactur er’s instructions. Copeptin level was statistically significant decreased in D+I groups. There was no difference in copeptin level between the S, D, and C groups. Copeptin may be considered as a new tool for the comparison of the efficiencies of new therapeutic modalities in diabetes.

Key words: Key words: Copeptin, insulin, diabetes

Med-Science. 2013; 2(3): 701-8

 

The Evaluation of Traffic Accident Deaths in Corum Province

Review Article

The Evaluation of Traffic Accident Deaths in Corum Province

Erdal Ozer, Ozgur Enginyurt

   

Abstract
Injuries and deaths related to traffic accidents play an important role in daily works of forensic medicine. For this reason, forensic experts need to have enough knowledge about the deaths caused by traffic accidents. Autopsy and dead examinations were retrospectively evaluated in patients who died due to traffic accidents in a 5 years period between 01.01.2005 and 31.12.2009 in the province of Corum. Cases were evaluated according to their age, sex, cause of death, and death place. It was emphasized to detect the socio-demographic characteristics of the patients who died as a result of a traffic accidents and compared with similar studies in the literature. There were 141 cases traffic accident deaths, 98(%69.5)were male and 43 (30.5%) were female, age ranged between 7 months and 81 years and the average age was found to be 34.4. Male / female ratio was calculated to be 2.3. The largest group was pedestrians deaths 59 (41.8%), 32 deaths were between the ages of 21-30, 29 cases were between the ages of 0-10, 96 (68.1%) of the cases died in the hospital. Prevention from traffic accidents which is a major public health problem as well as in the world and in our country. We should educate the pedestrians and drivers, and ensure the compliance of the roads and vehicles for traffic and get full implementation of safety measures.

Key words: Traffic accident, death, autopsy

Med-Science. 2013; 2(3): 738-45

 

Alteration of Complementary and Alternative Medicine Usage in Patients With Cancer in Turkey

Original Article

Alteration of Complementary and Alternative Medicine Usage in Patients With Cancer in Turkey

Hasan Mutlu, Zeki Akca, Yasemin Benderli Cihan, Tuncay Aslan, Abdülsamet Erden, Abdullah Büyükçelik

   

Abstract
The complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) are commonly encountered by cancer patients. In this study, the methods of CAM used by Turkish cancer patients were documented, and its frequency and the changes in the use of CAM over time were evaluated. Totally of 559 patients were enrolled from Kayseri Training and Research Hospital. Of CAM using patients, 11.8% used alternative medicine products, 60.1% used complementary medicine, and 28% received support from both. Patients with breast cancer were most frequently subgroup using CAM methods. Urtica dioica, nigella sativa and salvia officinalis were frequently used herbal products. Music, exercises and praying were the most common used methods of complementary medicine. Among Turkish cancer patients, the use of CAM methods have switched from alternative medicine which may interact with the cancer therapy, to the methods of complementary medicine not interact with the cancer therapy.

Key words: Cancer, Alternative medicine, Complementary medicine, CAM

Med-Science. 2013; 2(3): 757-63

A study on Paederus dermatitis outbreak in a suburban teaching research hospital, Kanchipuram, India.

Original Article

A study on Paederus dermatitis outbreak in a suburban teaching research hospital, Kanchipuram, India.

Asgar Ali, Sujitha Kathirvel, Devika T, Sivasankaran M P, Balan K, Praveen Kumar G S, Saleem M, Joseph P Innocent, Vijayalakshmi T S

   

Abstract
Paederus dermatitis, a kind of irritant contact dermatitis by Staphylinid beetle, is more prevalent in Asia-Pacific countries with the attributes of tropical climate. Brushing, pressing, or crushing of the beetle against the skin releases the pederin toxin (pederin) that can produce urticarial, vesicular, and bullous lesions. We conducted a 1-year retrospective study of 84 patients with Paederus dermatitis attending our hospital to study the clinical patterns of dermatitis and epidemiological prevalence. It mostly affects the hostel students residing within the campus near the paddy fields. Itching was most common symptom, involving mainly the neck and arms. Linear erythematous lesions were the common sign involving the extremities (40.1%), neck (36.4%) and trunk (32.1%). Vesicles and pustule formation was seen in (51.19%) of the patients, respectively. The most striking feature of Paederus dermatitis, the ‘Kissing lesions’ were seen in (2.4%) of the patients. Periorbital involvement was seen in (17.4%) of the cases. Paederus beetles were frequently seen in the campus attracted by incandescent and fluorescent lights. Simple preventive measures such as use of insecticide like pyrethroid, clearing of excess vegetation would check the Paederus infection. Clinical education and awareness regarding this condition will prevent misdiagnosis.

Key words: Paederus dermatitis, linear dermatitis, retrospective study

Med-Science. 2013; 2(3): 764-9

Treatment of medial clavicle fractures . A case report and review of the literature.

Case Report

Treatment of medial clavicle fractures . A case report and review of the literature.

Hayati Aygün, Albert Çakar, Halis Atıl Atilla

   

Abstract
Medial clavicle fractures are seen rarely and can be associated with injuries to the adjacent vital structures. Herein, we described a 15-year-old boy who had a preexisting ventriculoperitoneal shunt and a displaced medial clavicle fracture. We performed a successful surgical treatment using a distal radius locking plate. We discussed the mechanism of injury and treatment options with literature review.

Key words: Medial clavicle fracture, mechanism, locking plate fixation.

Med-Science. 2013; 2(3): 689-700

SIADH as presenting feature in a male with coexisting sarcoidosis and systemic lupus

Case Report

SIADH as presenting feature in a male with coexisting sarcoidosis and systemic lupus

Santhiya Govindaraj, Stalin Viswanathan, Bhavith Remalayam, Balamurugesan Kandan, Shanthi SashyKumar

   

Abstract
We report a 45 year old man who presented with history suggestive of chronic meningitis. Laboratory investigations revealed lymphocytic meningitis and a syndrome of inappropriate antidiuretic hormone secretion. History, etiological workup and complications during hospitalization suggested the presence of both SLE and sarcoidosis. He improved with intravenous steroids and is doing well on follow-up.

Key words: Sarcoidosis, systemic lupus erythematosus, coexisting, SIADH, chronic meningitis

Med-Science. 2013; 2(3): 709-14

 

Stony Hard Back Swelling-Diagnostic Dilemma

Case Report

Stony Hard Back Swelling-Diagnostic Dilemma

Amit Kumar C Jain, LN Mohan

   

Abstract
Subcutaneous back swellings like lipoma, neurofibroma and sebaceous cysts are common clinical entities. Swellings which are hard include calcified sebaceous cysts, calcinosis cutis and occasionally sarcomas.
We present here a patient with a stony hard swelling over back with an unusual histopathological diagnosis.

Key words: Pilomatricoma, giant, benign

Med-Science. 2013; 2(3): 734-7

 

Postpartum Acute Mesentric Ischaemia: A Rare Case Report

Case Report

Postpartum Acute Mesentric Ischaemia: A Rare Case Report

Amit Kumar C Jain, Sunil Joshi, Hemanth P

   

Abstract
Vascular occlusive disease of the mesentric vessels is a relatively rare but often catastrophic problem. When acute occlusion of a major artery suppling intestine occurs, profound illness usually results and survival is fortunate.Early recognition is the key for a favourable outcome We here by report a very rare case of survival from acute mesenteric ischaemia in a young woman, occurring in postpartum period.

Key words: Mesentric ischaemia, postpartum.

Med-Science. 2013; 2(3): 752-6