Along with technological and medical advances, diagnostic and therapeutic cardiac catheterization commonly used in pediatric patients; it is frequently preferred the percutaneous closure of ASD/VSD. In this study, it was aimed to evaluate anesthesia management of pediatric patients undergoing percutaneous closure of ASD/VSD in catheter laboratory. This was a retrospective review of pediatric patients undergoing percutaneous closure of ASD/VSD in catheter laboratory between 2012–2017. Demographic and clinical characteristics were recorded, and all results of anesthesia management were evaluated. Thirty-eight patients (18 males, 20 females) with a mean age of 7,71 ± 3,57 years underwent percutaneous closure of ASD/VSD. Of the cases; 78,4% diagnosed ASD, 21,6% diagnosed VSD were operated. The most common presenting symptoms were murmur (55,3%), chest pain (21,1%) and palpitation (10,5%), Mean defect size was 11.60 ± 6.27 mm for ASD and 6.00 ± 4.64 mm for VSD. Mean anesthesia time was 71.33 ± 22.77 minutes for ASD and 85.83 ± 26.91 minutes for VSD. Mean procedure time was 56.00 ± 20.56 minutes for ASD and 69.16 ± 28.70 minutes for VSD. Premedication was performed for 94,7%, anesthesia induction was performed with propofol (94,7%), fentanyl (63,2%), rocuronium (65,8%). Sevoflurane was used for anesthesia maintenance. TEE was used in 86,8% of the cases. Complications developed for 3 cases. IV paracetamol was preferred in 84,2%. Anesthetist must consider carefully premedication, anesthetic agent preferences, general anesthesia or sedation, complications by catheterization, discomforts of transesophageal echocardiography, hemodynamic instability, requirement of immobility and adequate analgesia.
Anesthesia management, pediatric cardiac catheterization, heart septal defects