Dicle University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery and Burn Center, Diyarbakir, Turkey
The etiology of maxillofacial fractures is closely related to society and lifestyles, cultural structure, and social values. Various methods are used in maxillofacial fracture surgery, and these methods are determined aesthetically and functionally. In our study, it was aimed to examine in detail the prevalence, patient characteristics, and treatment approach of patients with maxillofacial fractures. This study was carried out retrospectively, based on the records of patients with maxillofacial fractures treated in the last 10 years in our clinic. Descriptive statistics, t-test, and Kolmogorov-Smirnov test were used in data evaluation. The results were evaluated at a 95% confidence interval with a significance level of p<0.05. The total of 700 patients were examined. Most of the patients were between 0 and 30 years old, and their distribution is as follows; 21.9% of them were 0-10 years old, 24.7% of them were 11-20 years old and 24.4% of the patients were 21-30 years old. A total of 700 patients were included in the sample group. It was found that 29.1% of the patients developed maxillofacial fractures due to traffic accidents and 41.7% due to falling from a height. Intermaxillary fixation was applied to 32.1% of the patients, and open reduction internal fixation was applied to 60.7% (n=424) of the patients as a treatment method. Maxillofacial fractures are an important public health problem. Education and preventive practices should be planned at the community level. High-speed causing traffic accidents and not using seat belts should be avoided. Breaking the culture of sleeping on the terrace, specifically to the region where the study was conducted, may be effective in preventing traumas caused by falling from a height. The selection of appropriate treatment methods based on age and psychosocial parameters is very important in determining treatment options.
Keywords: Mandibular fracture, maxillofacial fractures, treatment selection
Conflict of interests: The authors declare that there is no conflict of interest in the study.
Financial Disclosure: The authors declare that they have received no financial support for the study.
Ethical approval: Prior to the study, the ethical approvals were obtained from Dicle University Clinical Research Ethics Committee (Decision No: 25.03.2021-199).
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Akkoc MF, Kapi E, Ozdemir M. Prevalence, patient characteristics and treatment selection associated components of maxillofacial fractures: A clinical study. Med Science. 2022;11(3):1086-90.
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Corresponding Author: Emin Kapi, University of Health Sciences, Adana Faculty of Medicine, Health Application and Research Center, Department of Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery, Adana, Turkey.