Ankara Gülhane Faculty of Medicine, Department of Oncology, Ankara Turkey
A rare condition in adults, Ewing sarcoma (EWS) has no standard treatment during the relapse–refractory period. In our study, we aimed to identify the treatment-related side effects of high-dose chemotherapy (HDC) and salvage autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT) in adult patients with relapsed or refractory EWS and their survival rates. In a retrospective study, we recorded the clinical characteristics of patients with relapsed or refractory EWS treated with HDC in the hospital’s patient registry to determine their objective response rate (ORR), progression-free survival (PFS), 6-month PFS rate, overall survival (OS), 6-month OS rate, transplantation-related mortality (TRM) and treatment-related side effects. In our sample of 29 patients (72.4% male), the mean age was 26.41 years (SD=9.35). The most common primary tumour site was the lower extremities (31%), 69% of patients had lung metastases, and 48.1% had undergone surgical resection, adjuvant radiotherapy and chemotherapy. The ORR to HDC was 31%. Median PFS (IQR) was 5.35 (6.79) months (95% confidence interval =4.23–8.28), whereas the 6-month PFS rate was 38.9%. Median OS (IQR) was 9.46 (14.45) months (95% confidence interval = 8.52–15.82), whereas the 6-month OS rate was 68.1%. Mortality from HDC or other causes occurred in five patients within the first 100 days after ASCT. Grade 3 febrile neutropenia and thrombocytopenia were present in all patients until engraftment following ASCT. Amongst adults with relapsed or refractory EWS, HDC has successful survival and response rates and a manageable side-effects profile.
Keywords: Ewing sarcoma, high-dose chemotherapy, autologous stem cell transplantation
Conflict of interests: The authors declare that there is no conflict of interest in the study.
Financial Disclosure: The authors declare that they have received no financial support for the study.
Ethical approval: The study was approved by the local ethics committee of SBU Gülhane Training and Research Hospital clinical trials (ethics committee 2021/96).
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Aykan MB, Keskin GS, Ornek E, et al. Efficacy of High Dose Chemotherapy in Adult Patients with Relapsed or Refractory Ewing Sarcoma. Med Science. 2022;11(3):1238-41.
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Corresponding Author: Musa Baris Aykan, Ankara Gülhane Faculty of Medicine, Department of Oncology, Ankara Turkey.