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Histopathological examination of acute appendicitis tissue in children during the COVID-19 pandemic

Original Article

Histopathological examination of acute appendicitis tissue in children during the COVID-19 pandemic

Receiving Date: 02 August 2022

Accept Date: 23 August 2022

Available Online: 17 October 2022

Med-Science. 2022;11(4):1527-33

Conflict of interests
The authors declare that there is no conflict of interest in the study.

Financial Disclosure
The authors declare that they have received no financial support for the study.

Ethical approval
Ethical approval was obtained from Inonu University Faculty of Medicine Clinical Research Ethics Committee in Malatya, Turkey (2020/84).

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CITATION
Gurunluoglu S, Gul M, Akbulut S et al. Histopathological examination of acute appendicitis tissue in children during the COVID-19 pandemic. Med Science. 2022;11(4):1527-33

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Corresponding Author: Kubilay Gurunluoglu, Inonu University, Faculty of Medicine, Department of Pediatric Surgery, Malatya, Türkiye

E-mail: kgurunluoglu@hotmail.com

The effect of intraoperative neuromonitoring on complications of hypocalcemia following thyroid surgery

Original Article

The effect of intraoperative neuromonitoring on complications of hypocalcemia following thyroid surgery

Mehmet Turan Cicek, Mehmet Aslan

Abstract

Hypocalcemia is a common and significant complication that may develop after a total thyroidectomy operation. In our study, the effects of neuromonitoring on the development of hypocalcemia in total thyroidectomy operations were retrospectively investigated. Patients who underwent only total thyroidectomy in our clinic between 2013 and 2020 and had no history of operation or radiation treatment in their neck region were retrospectively evaluated and divided into two groups. A total of 96 patients, 42 patients in Group 1 on whom neuromonitoring was used and 54 patients in Group 2 without neuromonitoring, were examined. Transient hypocalcemia was manifest in 12 (28.5%) of the 42 patients in Group 1 and 16 (29.6%) of the 54 patients in Group 2, while the difference between the two groups was not statistically significant (p=0.910). In total thyroidectomy operations, the proven benefits of using intraoperative neuromonitoring are still controversial. In our study, it was observed that intraoperative neuromonitoring did not make a significant difference in transient hypocalcemia development after total thyroidectomy operations.

Key words: Hypocalcemia, intraoperative neuromonitoring, thyroidectomy

Med-Science. 2021; 10(4): 1398-401

A comparative analysis of long-term life qualities of head and neck cancer (nasopharyngeal, hypopharyngeal and laryngeal cancers) patients who were treated with the intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT): Expectations and outcomes

Original Article

A comparative analysis of long-term life qualities of head and neck cancer (nasopharyngeal, hypopharyngeal and laryngeal cancers) patients who were treated with the intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT): Expectations and outcomes

Mehmet Aslan, Mehmet Turan Cicek

Abstract

The long-term quality of life outcomes of head-neck cancer patients who were treated with Intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT) are not well known. The aim of this study was to determine the long-term quality of life and problems in patients undergoing IMRT in head-neck cancers. The study was conducted at a high-volume tertiary care setting. Patients who have received IMRT for head and neck cancers in our clinic, who completed at least one year following the completion of their therapy, and who are being followed up for the present, were included in the study. To assess patients’ quality of life and problems they experience, the updated(revised) version of the European Organization for Research and Treatment of Cancer Quality of Life Questionnaire Head and Neck Module (EORTC QLQ-H&N43) and The Arizona Sexual Experience Scale (ASEX) were administered to patients by the same clinician, using the face-to-face interview method. The study included 18,28,30 patients who received IMRT for hypopharyngeal, nasopharyngeal, and laryngeal cancer, respectively. Given the EORTC QLQ-H&N43 results of patient groups; contrary to expectations, mucosal dryness, sense and voice problems were observed as common problems in all patient groups. Thanks to protection of body integrity, good social contact and communication, a high level of satisfaction was observed in all patient groups. In conclusion; a high level of satisfaction was observed in patient groups treated with IMRT, despite long-term mucosal dryness, voice disturbances and sense problems, thanks to the preservation of body integrity and good social communication.

Key words: Head and neck cancer, Life quality (QoL), sexuality, EORTC QLQ-H&N43, Arizona Sexual Experiences Scal e ASEX), Intensity-modulated radiation therapy (IMRT)

Med-Science. 2021; 10(4): 1474-80